Is Pac going to be the first in a L O N G line of boxers refusing drug testing?

Clearly heros have let their fans down repeatedly in professional sports. Pacs excuses amount to nothing more than hurt feelings at this point. Now Mosely an admitted drug user is trying to get a Floyd match. Is he going to be the second of many well known boxers that cant close a deal because of drug testing and how big is PED drug use in boxing today?

Why not let the smoking firemen enter the burning buildings first?

Smokers have a natural tolerance to smoke. If their scott air pacs give out, they would be able to have their body adapt more readily than non smokers. If they also took tobacco plants in to put onto the fire, they would also enjoy their job much more. Non smokers have clean lungs which will automatically reject smoke.., It’s a safety idea, not something against smokers.Just as a thoroughbread can outrun a clydesdale, a smoker will last longer in a smoking environment..

What should I expect at my first ultrasound at 21 weeks?

I am very excited to be finding out the sex of the baby and all, but I am wondering what happens during an ultrasound?

Is there any type of clothing I should wear that would be most comfortable,or are they going to ask that I wear one of those flimsy gowns?

Will there be a breast exam or any other type of exam along with the jelly on the belly thing?

Thanks so much for your help!

There is focal hot uptake noted in the left facet joint L5-S1 also the left first Melatarsophalangeal joint?

This is the results of a Nuclear Medicine Planar Bone Scan that was performed. There is focal hot uptake noted in the right and left acromioclavicular joint, both elbows, wrists, knees and ankles. also, there was focal hot uptake noted in the left facet joint L5-S1 also in the left first metatarsophalangeal joint. These multiple joint involvements problaby symmetrical, may be related to my Lyme Disease.

There is focal hot uptake noted in the left facet joint L5-S1 also the left first Molatarsophalangeal joint?

This is the results of a Nuclear Medicine Planar Bone Scan that was performed. There is focal hot uptake noted in the right and left acromioclavicular joint, both elbows, wrists, knees and ankles. also, there was focal hot uptake noted in the left facet joint L5-S1 also in the left first molatarsophalangeal joint. These multiple joint involvements problaby symmetrical, may be related to my Lyme Disease.

Radiography First or Straight to studying in Radiology?

I have been looking into Wayne State University in Michigan. I was wondering if it would be okay if i were to get my associates in radiography at a community college and then after that maybe get a job somewhere near by. Then would it be reasonable to actually go and study into being a Radiologist?

What type of ultrasound will be used at first prenatal 10 week appt?

Doc’s office said hubby and I will be able to hear the heartbeat at my first prenatal 10 week appointment, so do you think they will do the “normal” stomach ultrasound? Or, will they need to use the transvaginal ultrasound because it is still fairly early?

Any dangers in flying during the first trimester?

I just found out today that I’m pregnant from a Beta test. (FINALLY!) We’ve been trying for 2 years and I had IUI April 29th, so I’m only 2 weeks along. We’re planning to fly across the country at the end of June, so I’ll be 8 weeks then if all goes well. My husband tells me that in the Navy they take any woman off all flights as soon as she knows she’s pregnant. Is there any danger from radiation (being further up in the atmosphere) or anything like that?

What kind of Ultrasound did you get during first trimester screening?

Tomorrow I will be getting my first ultrasound in my pregnancy. I will be 9 weeks and 6 days. I did some reading and found out that vaginal ultrasound are commonly used by doctors during the first trimester screening and just wanted to know what kind of ultrasound did most people get during their first trimester.

Where (which company developed the first CT (computed tomography) unit..?

And what (completely unrelated) thing is this company renown for?

(The unit was developed to be used for ladies or men).
Hint:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V2UYRoti-tY

How accurate is an ultrasound performed during first trimester?

I am just wondering the accuracy of an ultrasound done during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. I had one done and was told I am 8 weeks pregnant. What is the margin of error? I have heard 3 days either way, but I am not sure.

Is there any way the ultrasound could be off my 2 or 3 weeks?

out of these college courses which ones would you recommend taking first year of college?

i want a major in biology, psychology, english, spanish, and thats it for now
i’m gonna transfer later to a four-year
but too many classes i want to take
which ones could be better

psychlogy
biology
english
spanish
history
math
philosophy
statistics
physics
chemistry
radiology
sociology
taking these clasess in community college

Should I do radiography first and then a certificate for sonography or just a sonography bachelors degree?

The school I’m looking at has radiography science degree for radiologic technologists and then afterwards you can get into a sonography program for an advanced certificate. They also have a bachelor’s degree for sonography. If you can’t tell, I really want to be a sonographer! I just don’t know which route to take, would I be more valuable to a future employer to get a radiography degree first or does it matter?

Thanks for any advice!

The First Big Hitter in Genetic Development: Androgens

Make no mistake; nothing else mentioned in this book will help you grow like androgens, as they are the basic building block for increasing muscle size and strength. All other things only serve to enhance androgens. So whether you use a natural testosterone booster or a pro-hormone or real juice, you need the basics to build your genetic house. Androgens have been shown to create new muscle growth in multiple ways, both by increasing protein synthesis (filling up your muscle balloons) and increasing the differentiation of satellite cells (making more muscle balloons). That makes them the ultimate starting point for a genetic anabolic cocktail.

What are androgens? Quite simply they are testosterone and its derivatives, both legal and illegal. Guess when your body produces the most testosterone? You got it, puberty! That’s why you can gain mad muscle cells if you simply work out and eat right when you are in high school. Eating right is important because your body isn’t going to make new muscle cells if it doesn’t have the protein to fill up the ones it already has (which is why so many high school students work out without results). Growing muscle during puberty happens in the kitchen, not just the gym, but that is another book.

Androgens are the most potent muscle builders you can take. Luckily with our products you get the best of both worlds, increased androgen production without the negative side effects that SCARE the hell out of most people. You can start small and use something like Formadrol Extreme or you can jump up to our prohormones (Liquid Masterdrol and Methyl 1-D) or you can go the illegal route and hit juice (we don’t recommend this by the way). People doing our Trifecta Stack are routinely hitting 8-12lbs of muscle in a month without losing their gains. If you juice, you can probably increase that to 15-17lbs but when you grow that quickly, you rarely keep your gains. Slow, steady gains might not feel as exciting, but they are the way to build a body, not an ego! The combination of Stanolone (Liquid Masterdrol) plus Testosterone (Methyl 1-D) is a very powerful combination and gives you the ULTIMATE in safety and also gives REAL gains that you would see from a SANE steroid cycle, without the negatives!

So, how do you get a spike in androgens? Many ways… The first way is to use an herbal product that typically will trick your body into increasing output of Luteinizing Hormone. These were made popular with products like Tribulus

and have come a long way with the advent of newer ingredients like Long Jack? and others out on the market. Some of them, like Horny Goat Weed only

serve to boost sex drive and have not been shown to enhance testosterone production.

Another way is to use a natural testosterone booster like LG Sciences Formadrol Extreme?, which tricks your body into producing more testosterone by blocking estrogen in the body. This can give you levels above even the very highest natural range (a normal man ranges from 250 ng/dl of testosterone to 900 ng/dl). Formadrol Extreme? and similar products trick your body into producing more testosterone and can be very useful as a natural anabolic booster, getting your testosterone levels into the 1400ng/dl range. It is also great for Post Cycle Therapy after a steroid or pro-hormone cycle. They are also useful in combating gynecomastia, commonly called “bitch tits”.

The third way to boost your androgen levels is the use of pro-hormones. First made popular by “Andro”, pro-hormones use the basic building blocks of testosterone to force your body into producing more testosterone through the action of enzymes. The first generation of testosterone boosters, like Andro, had tons of side effects and didn’t work very well. Newer pro-hormones like 1-AD were better, but were still not up to the full value of a steroid cycle. The latest crop of pro-hormones, like Methyl-1-D? and Liquid Masterdrol by LG Sciences, reduce the side effects, prolong the half-life in the body and reduce conversion to unwanted, side effect producing by-products like Estrogen. The use of pro-hormones can give you testosterone levels that rival even the strongest steroids, raising your testosterone levels to 3000-3500 ng/dl if used properly.

Methyl-1-D? from LG Sciences is a pro-hormone that is formulated to reduce side effects, provide maximum safety and give you AMAZING results. It’s the real basis for our genetics-changing stack. For a more advanced stack, use Liquid-Masterdrol? along with Methyl-1-D? for the best possible combination of prohormones that hit both the more androgenic (Liquid Masterdrol?) and more anabolic (Methyl 1-D?) aspects of growth.

The fourth way to boost androgen levels is to use artificial illegal steroids to boost your testosterone levels above even the highest legal levels that pro-hormones can give. I am not here to make a value statement about steroids, but I am just pointing out the option to anyone that is in a foreign country that allows steroid use or is using androgens with a doctor’s prescription.

We highly suggest that you do not use illegal anabolic steroids for obvious reasons and we hope that you respect the law and your body by using natural substances that are safer alternatives. If you do use steroids however, we recommend that you do so safely, cycling off them for at least a month at a time, taking supplements like Fish Oil to cleanse your liver and reduce the chance of cardiovascular side effects. Now, that being said, steroids are obviously not that dangerous, since prescription compounds, such as Testosterone Gel, are being pushed as the next great development (never mind that the Testosterone Gels on the market are loaded with side effects including conversion to DHT which

aggravates the prostate and estrogen that can promote breast cancer, even in men). Once the root of all evil, steroids are suddenly completely safe and side effect free when turned into a prescription drug. Wake up people! Again, we don’t encourage you to use steroids, but if you do, please consider doing them safely (there is a section at the end of good supplements to take with steroids that will offer some nice protection from their side effects).

So, if you are going to do a cycle of steroids, this is the perfect time to add in some serious genetic expression supplements to maximize your growth. One of the funniest things I see is the juice crowd bashing the supplement crowd, when in reality someone on a cycle will probably benefit the most from proper supplementation.

Studies show that androgens do indeed cause genetic changes that can benefit powerlifters and bodybuilders.

Here you see how increasing testosterone through natural boosting, pro-hormones or illegal anabolic steroids can vastly increase satellite muscle cell expression. This is the first real pathway that the body uses to increase muscle size and the number of muscle cells. By increasing the raw number of satellite cells, testosterone is the foundation of our genetic altering arsenal.

Skeletal muscle morphology in power-lifters with and without anabolic steroids.

Eriksson A, Kadi F, Malm C, Thornell LE.

Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Section for Anatomy, Umea

University, 901 87 Umea, Sweden.

The morphological appearance of the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle from high-level power-lifters on long-term anabolic steroid supplementation (PAS) and power-lifters never taking anabolic steroids (P) was compared. The effects of long- and short-term supplementation were compared. Enzyme-immunohistochemical investigations were performed to assess muscle fiber type composition, fiber area, and number of myonuclei per fiber, internal myonuclei, myonuclear domains and proportion of satellite cells. The PAS group had larger type I, IIA, IIAB and IIC fiber areas (p<0.05). The number of myonuclei/fiber and the proportion of central nuclei were significantly higher in the PAS group (p or = 5 myonuclei. The results of AS on VL morphology in this study were similar to previously reported short-term effects of AS on VL. The initial effects from AS appear to be maintained for several years.

Androgen receptor in human skeletal muscle and cultured muscle satellite cells: up-regulation by androgen treatment.

Sinha-Hikim I, Taylor WE, Gonzalez-Cadavid NF, Zheng W, Bhasin S.

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Molecular Medicine, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, California 90059, USA.

Androgens stimulate myogenesis, but we do not know what cell types within human skeletal muscle express the androgen receptor (AR) protein and are the target of androgen action. Because testosterone promotes the commitment of pluripotent, mesenchymal cells into myogenic lineage, we hypothesized that AR would be expressed in mesenchymal precursor cells in the skeletal muscle. AR expression was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining, confocal immunofluorescence, and immunoelectron microscopy in sections of vastus

lateralis from healthy men before and after treatment with a supraphysiological dose of testosterone enanthate. Satellite cell cultures from human skeletal muscle were also tested for AR expression. AR protein was expressed predominantly in satellite cells, identified by their location outside sarcolemma and inside basal lamina, and by CD34 and C-met staining. Many myonuclei in muscle fibers also demonstrated AR immunostaining. Additionally, CD34+ stem cells in the interstitium, fibroblasts, and mast cells expressed AR immunoreactivity. AR expression was also observed in vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed aggregation of immunogold particles in nucleoli of satellite cells and myonuclei; testosterone treatment increased nucleolar AR density. In enriched cultures of human satellite cells, more than 95% of cells stained for CD34 and C-met, confirming their identity as satellite cells, and expressed AR protein. AR mRNA and protein expression in satellite cell cultures was confirmed by RT-PCR, reverse transcription and real-time PCR, sequencing of RT-PCR product, and Western blot analysis. Incubation of satellite cell cultures with supraphysiological testosterone and dihydrotestosterone concentrations (100 nm testosterone and 30 nm dihydrotestosterone) modestly increased AR protein levels. We conclude that AR is expressed in several cell types in human skeletal muscle, including satellite cells, fibroblasts, CD34+ precursor cells, vascular endothelial, smooth muscle cells, and mast cells. Satellite cells are the predominant site of AR expression. These observations support the hypothesis that androgens increase muscle mass in part by acting on several cell types to regulate the differentiation of mesenchymal precursor cells in the skeletal muscle.

That being said, we can safely increase testosterone using supplements and don’t need illegal anabolic steroids! Pro-hormones boost natural testosterone by giving you the building blocks for testosterone and other steroid hormones. Pro-hormones are the safest, most effective way to boost testosterone without using drugs. The second way is to use natural testosterone boosters. There are many on the market, like tribulus, long jack and others. The best combination is an anti-estrogen that tricks your body into producing more testosterone. There are many of these products on the market, but the latest generations are far more effective and have fewer or no negative effects on the body. Here is what some peer reviewed journal entries say about using testosterone to activate satellite cells:

Testosterone-induced muscle hypertrophy is associated with an increase in satellite cell number in healthy,young men.

Sinha-Hikim I, Roth SM, Lee MI, Bhasin S.

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Molecular Medicine, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, California 90059, USA.

Testosterone (T) supplementation in men induces muscle fiber hypertrophy. We hypothesized that T-induced increase in muscle fiber size is associated with a dose-dependent increase in satellite cell number. We quantitated satellite cell and myonuclear number by using direct counting and spatial orientation methods in biopsies of vastus lateralis obtained at baseline and after 20 wk of treatment with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist and a 125-, 300-, or 600-mg weekly dose of T enanthate. T administration was associated with a significant increase in myonuclear number in men receiving 300- and 600-mg doses. The posttreatment percent satellite cell number, obtained by direct counting, differed significantly among the three groups (ANCOVA P < 0.000001); the mean posttreatment values (5.0 and 15.0%) in men treated with 300- and 600-mg doses were greater than baseline (2.5 and 2.5%, respectively, P < 0.05 vs. baseline). The absolute satellite cell number measured by spatial orientation at 20 wk (1.5 and 4.0/mm) was significantly greater than baseline (0.3 and 0.6/mm) in men receiving the 300- and 600-mg doses (P < 0.05). The change in percent satellite cell number correlated with changes in total (r = 0.548) and free T concentrations (r = 0.468). Satellite cell and mitochondrial areas were significantly higher and the nuclear-to-cytoplasmic ratio lower after treatment with 300- and 600-mg doses. We conclude that T-induced muscle fiber hypertrophy is associated with an increase in satellite cell number, a proportionate increase in myonuclear number, and changes in satellite cell ultrastructure.

Androgen regulation of satellite cell function.

Chen Y, Zajac JD, MacLean HE.

Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria 3084, Australia.

Androgen treatment can enhance the size and strength of muscle. However, the mechanisms of androgen action in skeletal muscle are poorly understood. This review discusses potential mechanisms by which androgens regulate satellite cell activation and function. Studies have demonstrated that androgen administration increases satellite cell numbers in animals and humans in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, androgens increase androgen receptor levels in satellite cells. In vitro, the results are contradictory as to whether androgens regulate satellite cell proliferation or differentiation. IGF-I is one major target of androgen action in satellite cells. In addition, the possibility of non-genomic actions of androgens on satellite cells is discussed. In summary, this review focuses on exploring potential mechanisms through which androgens regulate satellite cells, by analyzing developments from research in this area.

Androgen receptor in human skeletal muscle and cultured muscle satellite cells: up-regulation by androgen treatment.

Sinha-Hikim I, Taylor WE, Gonzalez-Cadavid NF, Zheng W, Bhasin S.

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Molecular Medicine, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, California 90059, USA.

Androgens stimulate myogenesis, but we do not know what cell types within human skeletal muscle express the androgen receptor (AR) protein and are the target of androgen action. Because testosterone promotes the commitment of pluripotent, mesenchymal cells into myogenic lineage, we hypothesized that AR would be expressed in mesenchymal precursor cells in the skeletal muscle. AR expression was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining, confocal immunofluorescence, and immunoelectron microscopy in sections of vastus lateralis from healthy men before and after treatment with a supraphysiological dose of testosterone enanthate. Satellite cell cultures from human skeletal muscle were also tested for AR expression. AR protein was expressed predominantly in satellite cells, identified by their location outside sarcolemma and inside basal lamina, and by CD34 and C-met staining. Many myonuclei in muscle fibers also demonstrated AR immunostaining. Additionally, CD34+ stem cells in the interstitium, fibroblasts, and mast cells expressed AR immunoreactivity. AR expression was also observed in vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed aggregation of immunogold particles in nucleoli of satellite cells and myonuclei; testosterone treatment increased nucleolar AR density. In enriched cultures of human satellite cells, more than 95% of cells stained for CD34 and C-met, confirming their identity as satellite cells, and expressed AR protein. AR mRNA and protein expression in satellite cell cultures was confirmed by RT-PCR, reverse transcription and real-time PCR, sequencing of RT-PCR product, and Western blot analysis. Incubation of satellite cell cultures with supraphysiological testosterone and dihydrotestosterone concentrations (100 nm testosterone and 30 nm dihydrotestosterone) modestly increased AR protein levels. We conclude that AR is expressed in several cell types in human skeletal muscle, including satellite cells, fibroblasts, CD34+ precursor cells, vascular endothelial, smooth muscle cells, and mast cells. Satellite cells are the predominant site of AR expression. These observations support the hypothesis that androgens increase muscle mass in part by acting on several cell types to regulate the differentiation of mesenchymal precursor cells in the skeletal muscle.

Testosterone action on skeletal muscle.

Herbst KL, Bhasin S.

UCLA School of Medicine, Charles R. Drew University, Los Angeles, California 90059, USA.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight recent data demonstrating direct anabolic effects of androgens on the mammalian skeletal muscle and review the mechanisms by which testosterone regulates body composition. RECENT FINDINGS: Testosterone increases lean body mass and decreases fat mass in young men; the magnitude of the changes induced by testosterone in lean and fat mass are correlated with testosterone dose and the prevalent testosterone concentrations. Older men are as responsive to the anabolic effects of testosterone on the muscle as young men, but have increased frequency of adverse events with higher testosterone doses. This reciprocal change in lean and fat mass induced by androgens is best explained by the hypothesis that androgens promote the commitment of mesenchymal pluripotent cells into myogenic lineage and inhibit adipogenesis through an androgen receptor mediated pathway. Resident muscle satellite cells increase in number with testosterone administration forming myoblasts leading to greater numbers of myonuclei in larger myofibers. Testosterone administration is associated with increased size of motor neurons. The roles of 5-alpha reduction and aromatization of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone and estradiol, respectively, in mediating testosterone effects on body composition are poorly understood. SUMMARY: Testosterone induces skeletal muscle hypertrophy by multiple mechanisms, including its effects in modulating the commitment of pluripotent mesenchymal cells. These changes in skeletal muscle lead to improved muscle strength and leg power; however, further studies are needed to determine the effects of testosterone on physical function and health-related outcomes in sarcopenia associated with aging and chronic illness.

Here you see how increasing testosterone through natural boosting, pro-hormones or illegal anabolic steroids can vastly increase satellite muscle cell expression. This is the first real pathway that the body uses to increase muscle size and the number of muscle cells. By increasing the raw number of satellite cells, testosterone is the foundation of our genetic altering arsenal.

Eric D. Marchewitz, is one of the leading supplement experts in the country, his articles online are taken from his best selling book ” Supplements For Genetic Growth ” which explains how you can increase the number of muscle cells in your body using supplement stacks available at any health food store. This book will demonstrate how the body will try and resist your efforts to grow insane muscles and how, as you age, the ability to create new muscle cells decline so make those cells now! The book is backed by science! This is the most amazing break through in supplement history! The book is available from the LG Sciences website www.lgsciences.com

Can You Just Go To Ultrasound School Or Do You Have To Go Into Radiology First And Work Your Way Up To That?

Also, is there an ultrasound school in Missouri?

What Kind Of Ultrasound Did You Get During First Trimester Screening?

Tomorrow I will be getting my first ultrasound in my pregnancy. I will be 9 weeks and 6 days. I did some reading and found out that vaginal ultrasound are commonly used by doctors during the first trimester screening and just wanted to know what kind of ultrasound did most people get during their first trimester.

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