What is the difference between a radiologic technologist and a radiologic technician?

I start college this fall and I’m going for my AS in radiologic technology and I hear both terms used but I’m not sure if they are the same or if there is a difference. I’m not sure whether I want to specialize in computed tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), or sonography. Also what is the difference between a Diagnostic Medical Sonographer and a Radiologic Techonlogist/Technician? Am I on the right track for specializing in any of these areas?

Do I have to have surgery If I have a brain aneursym?

I got this from yahoo! symptoms or something. I get a headache everyday at school, and when I heard Surgery I freaked. Im 12 yrs old and never had surgery. Im scared :( I got to go to the docter in a day or 2. Help!

Heres what it is:

What is a brain aneurysm?

A brain (cerebral) aneurysm is a bulging, weak area in the wall of an artery that supplies blood to the brain. In most cases, a brain aneurysm causes no symptoms and goes unnoticed. In rare cases, the brain aneurysm ruptures, releasing blood into the skull and causing a stroke.

When a brain aneurysm ruptures, the result is called a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Depending on the severity of the hemorrhage, brain damage or death may result.

The most common location for brain aneurysms is in the network of blood vessels at the base of the brain called the circle of Willis.

What causes a brain aneurysm?

A person may inherit the tendency to form aneurysms, or aneurysms may develop because of hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and aging. Some risk factors that can lead to brain aneurysms can be controlled, and others can’t. The following risk factors may increase your risk of developing an aneurysm or, if you already have an aneurysm, may increase your risk of it rupturing:1

Family history. People who have a family history of brain aneurysms are twice as likely to have an aneurysm as those who don’t.
Previous aneurysm. About 20% of patients with brain aneurysms have more than one.
Gender. Women are twice as likely to develop a brain aneurysm or to suffer a subarachnoid hemorrhage as men.
Race. African Americans have twice as many subarachnoid hemorrhages as whites.
Hypertension. The risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage is greater in people with a history of high blood pressure (hypertension).
Smoking. In addition to being a cause of hypertension, the use of cigarettes may greatly increase the chances of a brain aneurysm rupturing.
What are the symptoms?

Most brain aneurysms cause no symptoms and may only be discovered during tests for another, usually unrelated, condition. In other cases, an unruptured aneurysm will cause problems by pressing on areas within the brain. When this happens, the person may suffer from severe headaches, blurred vision, changes in speech, and neck pain, depending on the areas of the brain that are affected and the severity of the aneurysm. If you have any of the following symptoms or notice them in someone you know, see a health professional immediately.

Symptoms of a ruptured brain aneurysm often come on suddenly. They may include:

Sudden, severe headache (sometimes described as a “thunderclap” headache that is very different from any normal headache).
Neck pain.
Nausea and vomiting.
Sensitivity to light.
Fainting or loss of consciousness.
How is a brain aneurysm diagnosed?

Because unruptured brain aneurysms often do not cause any symptoms, many are discovered in people who are being treated for a different condition.

If your health professional believes you have a brain aneurysm, you may have the following tests:

Computed tomography (CT) scan. A CT scan can help identify bleeding in the brain.
Computed tomography angiogram (CTA) scan. CTA is a more precise method of evaluating blood vessels than a standard CT scan. CTA uses a combination of CT scanning, special computer techniques, and contrast material (dye) injected into the blood to produce images of blood vessels.
Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Similar to a CTA, MRA uses a magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy to provide pictures of blood vessels inside the body. As with CTA and cerebral angiography, a dye is often used during MRA to make blood vessels show up more clearly.
Cerebral angiogram. During this X-ray test, a catheter is inserted through a blood vessel in the groin or arm and moved up through the vessel into the brain. A dye is then injected into the cerebral artery. As with the above tests, the dye allows any problems in the artery, including aneurysms, to be seen on the X-ray. Although this test is more invasive and carries more risk than the above tests, it is the best way to locate small (less than 5 mm) brain aneurysms.
Sometimes a lumbar puncture may be used if your health professional suspects that you have a ruptured cerebral aneurysm with a subarachnoid hemorrhage.

How is it treated?

Your doctor will consider several factors before deciding the best treatment for you. Factors that will determine the type of treatment you receive include your age, size of the aneurysm, any additional risk factors, and your overall health.

Because the risk of a small (less than 10 mm) aneurysm rupturing is low and surgery for a brain aneurysm is often risky, your health professional may want to continue to observe your condition rather than perform surgery. However, if your aneurysm is large or causing pain or other symptoms, or if you have had a previous

Why Why did he have to die?

Randolph Frederick Pausch[2] (October 23, 1960 – July 25, 2008) was an American professor of computer science, human-computer interaction and design at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Pausch received his bachelor’s degree in computer science from Brown University in 1982 and his PhD in computer science from Carnegie Mellon in August 1988. Pausch later became an associate professor at the University of Virginia, before working at Carnegie Mellon as an associate professor.

He gave his “The Last Lecture” speech on September 18, 2007 at Carnegie Mellon. Pausch conceived the lecture after he learned that his previously known pancreatic cancer was terminal.[3] The talk was modeled after an ongoing series of lectures where top academics are asked to think deeply about what matters to them, and then give a hypothetical “final talk”, with a topic such as “what wisdom would you try to impart to the world if you knew it was your last chance?” The talk was later released as a book called The Last Lecture, which became a New York Times best-seller.

Early life
Pausch was born at Baltimore, Maryland, and grew up in Columbia, Maryland.[2] After graduating from Oakland Mills High School in Columbia, Pausch received his bachelor’s degree in computer science from Brown University in May 1982 and his Ph.D. in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University in August 1988.[4] While completing his doctoral studies, Pausch was briefly employed at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center and Adobe Systems.[5]

] Career
Pausch was an assistant and associate professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Virginia’s School of Engineering and Applied Science from 1988 until 1997. While there, he completed sabbaticals at Walt Disney Imagineering and Electronic Arts (EA). In 1997, Pausch became Associate Professor of Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction, and Design, at Carnegie Mellon University. He was a co-founder in 1998, along with Don Marinelli, of CMU’s Entertainment Technology Center (ETC), and he started the Building Virtual Worlds[6] course at CMU and taught it for 10 years. He consulted with Google on user interface design and also consulted with PARC, Imagineering, and Media Metrix.[5] Pausch is also the founder of the Alice software project.[7]

He was a National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator and a Lilly Foundation Teaching Fellow.[8] Pausch was the author or co-author of five books and over 70 articles. He also received two awards from ACM in 2007 for his achievements in computing education: the Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award and the ACM Special Interest Group on Computer Science Education Award for Outstanding Contributions to Computer Science Education.[9] He was also inducted as a Fellow of the ACM in 2007. The Pittsburgh City Council declared November 19, 2007 to be “Dr. Randy Pausch Day”.[10] In May 2008, Pausch was listed by Time as one of the World’s Top-100 Most Influential People.[1]


The poster for Pausch’s “The Last Lecture”Pausch was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer[3][11] and underwent a Whipple procedure (pancreaticoduodenectomy) on September 19, 2006 in an unsuccessful attempt to halt his pancreatic cancer.[12] He was told in August 2007 to expect a remaining three to six months of good health. He soon moved his family to Chesapeake, Virginia, a suburb near Norfolk, to be close to his wife’s family. On March 13, 2008, Pausch advocated for greater federal funding for pancreatic cancer before the United States Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies.[13] In the week prior to this, he had been hospitalized in order to have needle aspiration of pleural effusion in his right lung.[14]

On May 2, a Positron emission tomography (PET) scan showed that he had very tiny (5 millimetres (0.20 in) or less) metastasis in his lungs and some lymph nodes in his chest. He also had some metastases in his peritoneal and retroperitoneal cavities. On June 26, 2008, Pausch indicated that he was considering stopping further chemotherapy because of the potential adverse side effects. He was, however, considering some immuno-therapy-based approaches.[15] On July 24, on behalf of Pausch, a friend anonymously posted a message on Pausch’s webpage stating that a biopsy had indicated that the cancer had progressed further than what was expected from recent PET scans and that Pausch had “taken a step down” and was “much sicker than he had been”. The friend also stated that Pausch had then enrolled in a hospice program designed to provide palliative care to those at the end of life.[15]

Wikinews has related news: “Last Lecture” Professor Randy Pausch dies at age 47
Pausch died from pancreatic cancer at his family’s home in Chesapeake, Virginia on July 25, 2008, having moved there so that his wife and children would be near family after his death. H
I dont know why its under jokes and riddles and how come i cannot choose a best answer

please edit my college essay im terrible at writing papers!?

I remember sitting on my couch everything was so loud, lights were to bright, time seemed to have slowed down. My mother was yelling at me to go to school, because I had already missed too much from having bronchitis. I yelled back through my tears; saying I can’t go this pain is unbearable. And that was my first experience with the headaches I encountered every day for six months. I learned a lot about myself in those six months, it was an eye opening experience.
In the beginning of my junior year I was doing well, the best I had done in my high school career. My classes were hard, but I was persevering. In October I became ill with your average cold, so I thought nothing of it. I then started getting headaches, which progressively got worse. My days after the headaches consisted of school, sleeping, ate very little, and then back to sleep. My mother called the pediatrician, and told her my symptoms. Before I knew it, I was at the hospital getting tested for mononucleosis. I spent a day or two waiting for the results and when they came back, negative. My doctor decided to test for a few more things; lime disease, thyroid levels, and anemia. All of the test results came back negative. My doctor said to wait a few more days and see how you feel. At this point, I was having headaches every day. The pain is indescribable; my whole head felt like it was being squished. On my worst day I couldn’t get myself off the couch. My mother again called the doctor, and I was going to the hospital for a Computed Axial Tomography Scan. This was the lowest and most frightening day of my life. I remember signing in, going to the window and exchanging information with the secretary. She handed me a piece of paper to give to the technicians. I started to read the paper; it said looking for lesions and masses, my heart sank. I looked at my parents they looked just as scared as me. They called me into the waiting room, I was with my parents. Then a woman came in and asked me my birth date, and brought me to my own room to get changed. I walked out and she brought me out to the machine. They asked me my birth date a few more times, and I repeated 8/12/93. I lay there on the table thinking to myself I hope everything turns out okay. The lady pressed a button and I was going into the machine. I lay completely still as it makes loud noises around me. After that was over my family and I were put in a waiting room, and was told the doctor would call. She never called, but as we were walking out she stopped us and told us everything was ok. I was relieved and so were my parents.
The next step was going to the neurologist. When I went to him he sent me for another mononucleosis test and a Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan. Over the course of about six months I was back and forth to the doctors. While all this was going on my school work was suffering. I was failing almost all of my classes, because I missed so much school. But even when I was in school it was hard to concentrate. All I could think of was how much my head was hurting. I had headaches everyday for those six months. When all the test results came back negative my parents started to become skeptical. They didn’t understand the pain I was in, I could tell my teachers thought I was a slacker. It was a devastating feeling.
By the end of the year, I was worn out. I continued to go to the doctors, I am now on a medication that helps with neurological pain. I finished off the school year as best as I could. I pushed to get the best grades I could, in hopes of salvaging my grade point average. I learned more about myself in those six months then I had in my entire life. Perseverance was a huge lesson, all the times I just wanted to give up I pushed myself. Always telling myself tomorrows a new day things will get better. I learned how strong I can be even in the worst of times. I am now in my Senior year applying to college and even though I wont get into my dream school, I know I can get in somewhere and fulfill my dreams of becoming a nurse. I’m doing the best I can in the beginning of this year with my mother being ill. I will always get through hard times with my head held high.

In this case, is this CT scan necessary?

I’ve always had problems breathing (I’m always with a stuffed nose, I’m 21 now), so I went with an ENT doctor. I showed him some facial X-Rays taken by another doctor some months ago (for a different problem, but the analysis said that I have a deviated septum)

The doctor told me that the X-Rays weren’t conclusive and that I needed to get a CT (computed axial tomography) to see if my deviated septum was “obstructive” or not, and/or to show if I had a different problem. He also said that it might be an allergic problem, but that he had to see the CT first.

In your experience, do you think a CT is really necessary? I’m not really comfortable taking a CT scan of my head, since I recently had those X-Rays and I’m really worried about any increase of cancer risks.

Thank you in advance.

(Sorry, had to delete the last question for confusion of words)

X-rays and CAT scans?

x-rays and computed axial tomography (CAT) scans are similar medical imaging technologies used to “peek” inside the human body.Research these two technologies on the internet or in the library books, and answer the following questions.
a) describe one similarity and one difference between CAT-scans and convectional X-rays.
b) describe how CAT-scan technology overcomes the limitations of a conventional X-ray.

What medical problem is this?

So I’m doing this project for one of my classes and we have been given a situation where we must name what possibly could be wrong with our patient. Here is the scenario.
17 year old male was the driver of a small car involved in a frontal impact accident. On arrival at the emergency room the EMT reported: BP 130/80 mmHG, pulse 100bpm, patient was conscious, speaking coherently, but severely dyspnoeic and cyanotic. Vitals taken again in the ER: BP 80/52 mmHg, pulse 115 b.p.m. Pulse ox reading of O2 86%(SPO2) while the patient was on Oxygen of 10 L/min chest examination revealed an absence of breath sounds on the right and a right-sided flail chest injury. Needle thoracostomy was immediately performed and a rush of air was heard with needle placement. Right chest tube was placed and patient was stabilized. Blood test was taken. ABG results: pH7.3 CO2 49mmHg O2 65mmHg Bicarb 30 meq/liter Repeat vital signs showed: BP90/60mmHg, pulse 100bpm, Pulse ox(SPO2) 93% To further evaluate his injuries, multi-slice computed tomography scans were taken. However, during scanning the patient went into shock. I know its a lot but I need some help. If you have a guess to what the problem is and perhaps some references of more info to it that would be great. Thank you.


am a male i just graduate from high school and i want to start collage already but am really undecided on witch career to pick.
i am a caring person that like to help others when they need a hand i want a job that i can have time for my family and money to pay my bills and live good with no worries and of course have money to help other people that they need.. i like technology to am between the medical field and the technology field which of these career is the best..

1. computer and electronic engineering
2.computed tomography
4.medical assistant

Is having 3 CAT scans within a year extremely dangerous?

My 1st surgeon at USC told me I must have a cat scan and they screwed up my scheduling, office management was awful and never called me or misplaced my appointments so I got discouraged & scared so shelved the operation. Pain became horrible so my next surgeon about 6-7 months later said the first CT (computed tomography) scan @ USC was a different format & I needed another to see how extensive my polyps (papilloma), had engulfed my sinus cavities, then appx 4 weeks later he said I needed a second one which would assist/guide him during surgery where to go. I told my surgeon I was not happy with having another one and he told me it was absolutely necessary.

Please no jokes…Now I would like to know, have I been overly exposed to dangerous levels of radiation? Are there medical statistics I can read? links are appreciated since it’s been over a year since my operation and now I’m having headaches not related to my sinuses and jaw pain.

will single contrast head ct leat to tumor or cancer?

i read this from the net
The high doses of radiation patients receive from CT scans may cause thousands of additional cancer cases each year, according to a startling new U.S. study.

The research, published in Tuesday’s edition of the Archives of Internal Medicine, suggests that about 2 per cent of all cancers in the United States are caused by exposure to radiation during computed tomography scans.
now im afraid because i had one for my head 1 month ago it was contrast
so from what i read there is a high chance that i will get brain tumor or cancer
and if yes after how many years if it done on 20 years old male
i asked many people some of them say yes
there is a risk some of them say you get the same exposure from flying on a plane dont worry
my doctor told me
No. It takes a LOT more exposure. Do you know you get the same exposure from flying on a plane
is that right or not

What is the difference between a radiologic technologist and a radiologic technician?

I start college this fall and I’m going for my AS in radiologic technology and I hear both terms used but I’m not sure if they are the same or if there is a difference. I’m not sure whether I want to specialize in computed tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), or sonography. Also what is the difference between a Diagnostic Medical Sonographer and a Radiologic Techonlogist/Technician? Am I on the right track for specializing in any of these areas?

What type of Angiogram is more accurate?

The cardiologist told my mom to get an Angiogram and I had read there are 3 types of them:

1. Catheter Angiogram
2. Computed Tomography (CT) Angiogram
3. MR Angiogram

I mainly wanted to know which of these is the most accurate vs the others. Is there any specific reason to chose one over another such as special risks.

I would ask my moms current cardiologist but he is not willing to take time to discuss a procedure and is not very helpful. His only answer was literally and i quote “do if you want to or don’t do it if you want to”. I wasn’t really impressed with that.

What should the doctor do?

The Case of Mary Jane
Mary Jane(not her real name) is a 22 year old female who originally presented to neurology department at Mt. Sinai Hospital in NYC with symptoms that included hearing loss, problems with equilibrium, and general acoustic disturbances. She was given a c.a.t. scan (Computed Tomography scan) which uncovered a number of what turned out to be benign tumors which gave her a diagnosis of Neurofibromatosis, also know as the ‘elephant man’s disease’ ( a genetic condition that cause benign tumors to develop on each nerve ending (usually the teleodendrite)). While the illness is not itself life threatening, since the tumors continue to grow if left alone they will eventually impinge on the brain itself and cause a slow and painful death.
After consulting with the department of Neurosurgery she agreed to have the tumors removed from her auditory pathway. This meant however that she would loose hearing in both ears. The operation was a success and she was discharged with an Rx to follow up with the department every six months to monitor her condition.
On her third visit she complained about visual field disturbances in her vision. She was experiencing bright flashes and loss of peripheral vision in both eyes. She was admitted to the hospital and given a series of evoke potential exams (low level electrical currents are monitored via an E.E.G. (electroencephalogram) and was found to have additional begin tumors on her visual pathway. The obvious course of treatment would be to ‘harvest’ these tumors as well and this was the course of treatment presented to her.
Upon questioning the neurosurgeon Mary Jane found out that in fact her illness would continue unabated since there is no treatment for Neurofibromatosis and that she would continue to loose functionality as the disease progressed. Mary Jane was fully aware what this meant: she would eventually die from a tumor that was lodged in an inoperable area.
I was consulted by the chief of neurosurgery and asked to help him make a decision about what to do. Mary Jane was originally opposed to any more operations on the grounds that since she would die anyway she would like to keep her vision until that time. With no treatment and no hope for the surgery to eventually remove all her tumors she felt strongly that she would like to die with as many of her senses as possible.
The surgeon knew that he had some influence over her and that if he pushed hard enough, with both Mary Jane and her family, he could probably get permission to ‘harvest’ these tumors.

The question is should he apply pressure to convince Mary Jane to accept the operation or should he stand by and watch her die when the operation would save her life at least this time.

Is it normal to have Vascular Calcifications noted in pelvis?

I recently had a Abdominal radiography, frontal (AP). My doctor’s asst. said everything was normal but I read that there is a subtle levo curvature centered at L3 and vascular calcifications were noted in my pelvis. Should I not be concerened? I also had a Abdominal, Pelvic computed tomography (CT) that was told was normal as well. However, I read that my ovaries are noted bilaterally and a small cyst is seen in the left ovarian/adnexal region measuring 1 cm.

What do you think of the charismatic christian practice of “speaking in tongues”?

Brain scans of people speaking in tongues:

A group of researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine used Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) to analyze brain activity within individuals as they spoke in tongues. It was the first study of this kind. During this technique, a small quantity of a radioactive drug is injected into a person’s vein. The scanner then makes detailed images of tissues as cells take up the drug.

During an interview on 2006-SEP-20 by Steve Paulson, Andrew Newberg — Associate Professor of Radiology, Psychiatry, and Religious Studies and Director for the Center for Spirituality and the Mind, at the University of Pennsylvania — said that the region of the brain involved in language is not activated when a person speaks in tongues. He said:

“Speaking in tongues is a very unusual kind of vocalization. It sounds like the person is speaking a language, but it’s not comprehensible. And when people have done linguistic analyses of speaking in tongues, it does not correspond to any clear linguistic structure. So it seems to be distinct from language itself. That’s interesting because we did not see activity in the language areas of the brain. Of course, if somebody is a deep believer in speaking in tongues, the source of the vocalizations is very clear. It’s coming from outside the person. It’s coming through the spirit of God. 11

They found decreased activity in the brain’s frontal lobes, an area associated with self-control. One of the researchers, Andrew Newberg, said: “It’s fascinating because these subjects truly believe that the spirit of God is moving through them and controlling them to speak.” The data partly confirms the subjects’ beliefs. In fact, the subjects are not in control of their usual language centers as they spoke in tongues.

How many jobs does Jeffrey Immault have to send to China before he is replaced as Obama’s jobs Czar?

Come on Democrats this has got to be embarrasing even for you.
Here’s the head of GE sitting next to Michelle during the President’s Jobs Speech to a joint session of Congress and he has sent one division after another to China.

when a 2007 law banned incandescent lightbulbs GE closed their factoru here and opened up CFL manufacturing plants in China

GE is moving the headquarters of its 115-year-old X-ray business to Beijing. They manufacture diagnostic imaging and X-ray equipment; computed tomography; magnetic resonance; ultrasound; molecular imaging, as well as interventional and life support systems.

In a GE Aviation Joint 50:50 venture with China GE has to share technology and trade secrets. China will use GE technology to construct its own airliners. This decision will cost American jobs as China will be able to build their own technologically advanced airliners instead of purchasing them whole, or their component parts from US manufacturers such as Boeing.

GE paid NO tax last year

GE owned NBC and MsNBC who are propaganda for the White House. They sold 51% controlling Interest to Comcast but still own 49%


am a male i just graduate from high school and i want to start collage already but am really undecided on witch career to pick.
i am a caring person that like to help others when they need a hand i want a job that i can have time for my family and money to pay my bills and live good with no worries and of course have money to help other people that they need..

1. computer and electronic engineering
2.computed tomography
4.medical asistant
and i forgot to mention that i really like technology and does are my top 6 career witch one would you recommend me
como on guys just because i spell one word wrong doesnt mean i cant be a profecional i bet yall have done that before many times

What specialty should I choose after graduating a 2 year general diagnostic medical imaging program?

Im registering for a 2 year program and a community college for general radiography, floroscopy etc. Another university has a 1 year advanced placement program i’d like to go into after graduating and having my liscense. However there are so many choices of specialties that I need help deciding which would be the best move. the school offers:

Cardiac Sonography
Computed Tomography
General Sonography
invasive Cardiovascular Technology
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Vascular Sonography

I am leaning towards general sonography, but i do not want to be limited to only doing babies, etc. will this degree enable me to do sonographic procedures on all parts of the body? In my area there are hardly any maternity wards anymore and i want to make sure i’d be able to get a job. thanks for your input!

Ultrasound waves can’t pass through which type of material?

I know this is kind of a silly question. But I looked everywhere in my book, and it doesn’t say which one. It just gives other examples. It doesn’t state what type of material it can’t go through.

The answers are:
A; Bone (Which I think it’s this one)
B: Air (I’m pretty sure it’s definitely not this one)
C: Fluid (2nd choice)
D: Adipose

So I am stuck with A or C. Do you guys have any guesses??

Also there is this question that I am kind of stuck on as well.

Computed tomography is NOT useful for imaging which body part?
A; The skull of a dog
B: The spine of a cat (Not this one)
C: The carpal bone of a horse (I think it’s this one)
D: The abdomen of a horse.

Thanks in advance.

Also please don’t be mean and say “Do your own homework” or something like that, I just want to be pointed in the right direction because my book is clearly not saying it. Also if you do answer, could you please explain a little better. Not in full paragraphs, but just explain the main thing about it. It would really be helpful, thank you.

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